Stock trading is a complicated process that requires traders to understand various processes and order types. AON (All or None) and FOK (Fill or Kill) orders are two of the most common stock trading orders. AON and FOK orders are aimed at different strategies, depending on the trader’s goals.
This article will discuss how AON and FOK orders vary to help traders decide which type best meets their individual needs.
What is an AON Order?
An All or None (AON) order is placed with a broker to purchase or sell a certain number of stocks or shares in one transaction. The purchase or sale must be completed entirely; if the order cannot be filled, it will not be partially executed. An AON order is beneficial because it ensures no slippage on the trader’s part; however, there can be liquidity issues associated with AON orders, as brokers may not have enough shares available to fill the entire order at once.
AON orders are usually used when the trader wants to ensure they get their desired price and when all of the shares must be acquired in one transaction. Traders typically use AON orders for large-scale transactions, such as institutional investors.
What is a FOK Order?
A Fill or Kill (FOK) order is placed with a broker to purchase or sell a certain number of shares in one transaction. Unlike an AON order, a FOK must be executed immediately and entirely; if the desired shares are not available for purchase/sale immediately upon placing the order, the trade will not occur. The benefit of this type of order is that it allows the trader to guarantee an exact price and quantity for their desired trade.
FOK orders are usually used when the trader wants to complete a trade quickly and does not want any slippage in the order. Besides institutional investors, FOK orders are also used by day traders and high-frequency traders who need to act quickly on market opportunities.
Advantages of AON Orders
An AON order has several advantages over other types of orders. First, all shares must be purchased or sold in one transaction rather than multiple transactions. This ensures a better execution price for the trader and reduces market impact and potential slippage on large orders.
Additionally, due to the “all or none” nature of AON orders, brokers are more likely to fill them as they can guarantee to fill the entire order at once. AON orders are also advantageous if the trader wants to purchase/sell a large number of shares, as it eliminates the need for multiple trades. Finally, AON orders also give the trader greater control over the price, as they can specify their desired price and guarantee it will be met if the entire order is filled.
Advantages of FOK Orders
The primary benefit of a FOK order is its immediacy; because it must be filled immediately and entirely, the trader can be sure that they will get the exact number of shares at the exact price they requested.
Additionally, because FOK orders must be filled immediately and cannot be partially executed, there is a lower risk of slippage on large orders. The downside to this type of order is that it may only sometimes be possible to fill as desired due to a lack of liquidity. Another disadvantage of FOK orders is that brokers may charge additional fees for these orders.
With That in Mind
AON and FOK orders are two different types used to purchase or sell stocks. AON orders must be filled in one transaction, while FOK orders must be filled immediately and entirely. AON orders are beneficial for large-scale transactions as they guarantee that the entire order will be filled. In contrast, FOK orders allow for the quick execution of trades with a guaranteed price and quantity.
However, both orders have risks – AON orders may not befilled due to lack of liquidity, while FOK orders carry the risk of slippage if market conditions change between when the trade is requested and when it would have been executed. Ultimately, traders should weigh the pros and cons of each type of order before making a decision.